Cannabis in Africa

Africa is a place that has a rich history and culture, and this does include cannabis. Here, we’ll discuss the history of cannabis, including how it originated there. 

How did it Arrive? 

While cannabis is actually associated with northern and more Mediterranean Africa, it’s actually not indigenous to it, and it evolved originally in Asia and then it went west. But it was cultivated for at least 1000 years there, and there is some evidence that it appeared in Egypt about 5000 years ago, and it was mostly found in the more northern parts of the Mediterranean area. 

In north Africa, it was found that the records go back much further than in sub-Saharan Africa.  During the 12th century, it was found that there was psychotropic uses of this already, usually done via smoking or edibles. This was found in Egypt, which was more along the lines of the red sea in most cases.  When you went west though, it was a bit different. In area such as Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia, it was a bit different, since they actually used hashish more than in the other areas, since this is something that was imported into there from Greece and Lebanon. 

Cannabis and Language 

If you go south of where the Sahara is, that’s where the history seems a bit murky, since this doesn’t really show much evidence in the archeological sense, mostly because most of the evidence from the colonists was not right. They called cannabis “African tobacco” which was an attempt to distance it from the natives, and there wasn’t much of an answer there. 

But one of the most useful ways to track this in sub-Saharan Africa, is dagga, which is attributed to the people called the Khoekhoe that were located in the southern part of Africa. This word means cannabis, but it refers more to the state of this, since it was found that there was a plant that was similar to the cannabis plant itself that contributed to this. 

The first recording was in 1658, in a journal.  When recorded, the usage of said word spread throughout. While we can’t tell much about how long it was used before tis point, since this, it was implied that cannabis is actually prevalent during this point. 

The origin of this is unclear though because there was confusion between cannabis, and the mint plant that was called leonotis leonurus. They even had the same name and the same serrated leaves, but there were flowers which were different, and the mint plant doesn’t cause the high that cannabis does. 

So it’s not clear where the word described this, or maybe it was wrongfully used at one period of time, but this actually caused scholars to put forth various explanations here. 

One post about this was also from the Dutch word called Tabak, which talks not only of the cannabis usage before the colonies, but there was another suggestion that also this came from daXa-b, which is a word for tobacco in Kohekhoe language. 

So who used it? Well, there were a few types of people. For the most part, cannabis was used a lot in Egypt, with the hemp rope and other product, and they also used this in holistic medicine, and they did accept the cannabis plant. Some of it was ritualistic though. The khoekhoe were also another people that used this, and they were around the Dutch settlers that used this as well. They actually were warlike at first, and they worked with the Dutch to coexist and use it together, which may attribute it to that.  

THCA Diamonds, what are they

THCA diamonds are some of the strongest extracts out there. They’re not psychotropic though, and it just takes heat to make these, and usually, ovens and bong bowls help. They’re still new, but users are using them all over the place. Here, learn everything you need to know about the crystals here. 

First, what’s THCA 

This is actually a precursor to THC, and this pretty much involves enzymes within tis, which make it the “mother cannabinoid” CBGA for people. While they aren’t psychotropic, they’re not all that different from regular THC. But with the addition of the two oxygen and the one hydrogen atom does prevent this from binding to the receptor that catalyzes the effects. 

It only takes a little bit of heat to eject this, and that’s how it converts. This means that when you light up the joint and apply the torch, this converts. The diamonds and other extracts don’t start out as psychotropic, but when exposed to enough heat, they can, but this actually has a legal grey area to it as a result of this. 

Is it Legal 

Because of it’s relationship to regular THC, it  does leave many people confused. It appears that there isn’t a regulation for this, and this ca be something that can be hard to figure out. The thing is, it’s legal to possess according to law, but once you see it, it’s degraded, and that makes it illegal. 

This is quite hard to figure out, even with the FDA reporting on legislation of this, and despite there being legal states with THC and CBD along with delta-8, there is not one mention of THCA, which leaves people confused as well. This usually however, r involves possession of a plant though to start with, which means that if you do have this in a state, it is illegal period. But importing it to other places technically is. Despite the intentions, the exposure of this is not fully explained, and who knows, we may get some more clear-cut laws on this down the line. 

How to Use These

The THCA diamonds are crystals that are made of pure THCA and that results from a couple of different methods of extraction, which is through what’s called “diamond mining”. But the techniques that separate this from the other constituents can definitely be a bit different. Even a little diamond contains more THCA than just a blunt tat’s made of flower. Cannabis users use vaporizers or dabs in order to convert this into larger amounts of THC, which results in a fast and very powerful sort of high. 

How you make these though is usually a little bit complicated.  It is one of the strongest types of cannabis contents out there, and it can be quite potent. This involves filtering, rotatory evaporation, followed by purification, but you don’t need fancy equipment to do this. Diamond mining is usually done to make this work, and for the most part, it doesn’t require a lot of equipment. 

You first need BHO or a live resin for the cannabis, and you want some freshly harvested or snap frozen kinds of buds. Then you want to jar it and store it at high temperatures. From there, it will crystalize as well. You let it sit for a few weeks, and make sure that you “burp” these jars every few days. Then, you purge the mixture with a vacuum in order to separate the crystals from the sauce of terp, and then, you can mix this together, or separate them depending on the results that you want. 

What GPR55 May Entail for Cannabis Receptors

The endocannabinoids in the body help to maintain balance, but the thing is, we don’t know much about whether or not there are more than just CB1 and CB2. But there is a chance that there might be another, a CB3, which can help us learn more about this. CB1 and 2 were already found in the same G protein class of receptors, the cannabinoids that bind to the other kinds of receptors in this case, also include other G proteins, one of them called receptor 55. This is remembered by the words GPR55.  The researchers call this the orphan receptor since it does have endogenous ligands that were up to this point, thought of as unknown. But to ligands do bind to the other receptors, which include anandamides. 

The researchers of this did clone and isolate this in 1999. The receptor did show up in different places within the body, where in the CBS, it was found that a lot of expression which was found in the hippocampus, was found there and in your cerebellum. The receptor was also found as well in other cells in the body, including the GI tract, spleen, and the adrenals.  The studies have also found that there were higher levels of this also found in cancer cells too. 

This has what’s called low homology, which means that it has a different structure of the other receptors, and it doesn’t share many of the same amino acids as this. But despite this difference, this is actually a receptor that deserves this title, since it does have some similarities. 

There are some studies that have looked to see the effects of this. But, without genetics and coding for the proteins, the mice won’t be able to have these same receptors as we do. But the cannabinoids do create similar effects within mice, which means that there might be other receptors that indicate these changes. 

According to a study, there was one test that was done on a bunch of plant and synthetic cannabinoids, and of course, how it interacts with GPR55.  The findings found that anandamide, 2AG, along with CBD and other kinds of molecules were able to bind as well to this. 

How this impacts Users

What does this mean for cannabis consumers? Well, what this means is that we’re able to learn a bit more about how this is applicable in the medicinal word. For instance, there are studies that explore how this can work with CBD in order to help combat the effects of epilepsy as well. 

The FDA did approve the CBD drug called epidolex for sever epilepsy, and in fact, CBD entered into the spotlight due to this, which involved anecdotes regarding children who had epileptic seizures as well.

But just because it binds to this doesn’t mean it activates it, and it actually can play the role of the antagonist, which means that it stops molecules from interacting with this. So what may happen is that CBD may not be able to work as well since the effectiveness may temporarily block those chemicals that increase the neurons that bind to this. 

There is also a chance though, that this could help with people who have IBD. This condition is associated with weight loss, fatigue, diarrhea, and pain, and there is some studies that say that if the receptor is blocked, through the antagonists, it could help to manage this, which means that CBD could be a potentially helpful tool in this. But that’s still something we don’t know the full answers to. 

Is Medical Marijuana Good for Those with ALS

With more and more research looking at health and wellness of people, there are some who wonder about whether it would help with ALS.  This disease, also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease, where the condition doesn’t have a core, and right now, there are studies being done to help understand the disease. 

Right now, there is some speculation that it could help, but here’s what we know about it. 

First, what’s ALS 

While people probably know what ALS is through ice bucket challenge, it’s more tan that. It’s a neurodegenerative condition that destroys the nervous system, and it can destroy the cells involved with contracting muscles. 

The skeletal muscles are used for moving, and most people assume that this is what plays a role in existence, but it also works as well with making sure that they release the chemicals that are needed, and also reduce the chances of metabolic issues. ALS is a condition that damages different muscles, to the point where the motor cells will die off. 

It can affect the upper motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord, or it can affect the lower impulses from neurons all over the body. Right now, after diagnosis, most people have a life expectancy of 205 years, but some may live much longer. The reason for ALS is not known, but there are some factors which may underpin this, and that includes: 

  • Cell death that’s programmed 
  • Inflammation and autoimmunity 
  • Injury due to free radicals 
  • Infections 
  • Genetics 
  • Dysfunction of the mitochondria 
  • An accumulation of clumps of protein 

Right now, most of the treatments include body positioning, custom wheelchairs, feeding tubes to eat, breathing aids, nutrition, and splints and braces.  There is also an FDA approved drug to help with this. 

So Can Weed Help? 

Well, right now there is no cure for this, but a treatment to delay how fast the disease moves is definitely worth looking at. Cannabis has over 500 interesting molecules, including terpenes, flavonoids, and cannabinoids, and this offers a treatment for a lot of different health conditions. 

There are other interesting compounds too, which might be used to help the ECS play better roles for signaling and otherwise of the molecules. According to scientific studies, there are an expansive amount s of causation found in this, and some research has found that increasing CB2 receptors in motor neuron damage areas may be an involvement of ECS on this. 

There are some animal studies, where it was found hat higher parts of 2-AG may be found in the lower spinal cord, which can play a part of a defense mechanism. Because there are tons of chemicals which target this, right now scientists are determining the role in lowering the symptoms, also looking at ALS causes. 

Right now, there is some research that was found that THC may play a role in actually being used to help with some of the underlying aspects that are associated with ALS. While it also may include other anti-inflammatory agents and antioxidants and antagonists, this may help with other growth factors, including the enhancing agent of the mitochondria. Cannabis may help with a lot of this, and it may be a possible treatment for this.

But while it can’t be a cure, it can help with managing pain, relaxing the muscle, helping with the opening of the lung airways, stimulating the appetite, and also inducing sleep. Right now, there is no cure, but hopefully, over time we find more about this, and the benefits of such too. 

The Origins and Use For Weed

Weed is a plant that’s been around for a long time. In fact, there are hundreds of different names for it. Due to the controversial history, there are so many different names to conceal the topic when talking about it in front of people who don’t condone it. Some of them include: 

  • Pot
  • Bud 
  • Grass 
  • Ganja 
  • Reefer 
  • Green 
  • Herb

That’s not even all of them. Ganja is another popular one, and it actually has a very old history that is much further back than these terms. 

India and the Ganja roots 

Cannabis actually has a history in India, dating all the way back to 2000 BC in that area. One can look at ancient texts to find out about this, and how it was used in ritual preparation called soma during this time. This concoction was mind-altering, and this plant was also used at this point to help with anxiety treatment. 

These documents were written in Sanskrit, which is one of the oldest languages out there, and this linguistic system has over 70 different names for even just water and more for elephants. The word ganja comes from the mother language, which is a preparation that’s made with cannabis, and is then carried over to Hindi as well, and descended from an early version of Sanskrit too, and is written in a similar way. 

The word itself only refers to the product that comes from cannabis plants. The flowers themselves are called charas, and the leaves and seeds are called behang. The impact of this is still present to this day, since this is still a term, and even researchers used this with the molecules. 

A researcher by the name of Raphael Mechoulam actually found THC in 1964, and in 1992, it was found that to understand the effects of this compound on the body, the endocannabinoid called anandamide stemmed from Canada in Sanskrit, which means joy or bliss, and this actually is a molecule that underpins the runner’s high people have. Ganja has an interesting, rich history, but how did this become part of the global vernacular? 

The Contribution to the Rastafari 

Ganja didn’t reach western civilization through a cultural mission or outreach, but instead through slavery. Back in 1845, the British started to traffic the Indians that were enslaved there to the Caribbean to work on the plantations they had out there, with over 40,000 of these slaves showing up over the next ensuing decades. 

During this point, the slaves didn’t get rid of the culture of course, with some of them bringing that to the people of this world, with one of them being ganja. There were also other slaves that arrived many hundreds of years prior to this point during the transatlantic slave trade. As the British brought these people over, it actually caused a melting pot, and some synergy, and it would affect cannabis as well. 

During this point, missionaries would speak to the African population, and this fusion of culture and religion brought forth Rastafari, which is a religion that opposes many elements of Christianity, where heaven is directly on the earth, and that God manifested itself in Haile Selassie I, and there is a lot of significance of ganja in this. 

The slave trade left a bad strain, but it also did mesh the cultures and brought forth this, and it offered a way to use ganja in order to engage in different religious aspects and also brought for the rise of reggae and other cultural aspects too in the western world. 

Why do I feel Dizzy after consuming Cannabis?

Do you feel dizzy after you smoke cannabis, and you also feel faint after edibles? Here, we’ll discuss what that means, and what you can do to prevent it. 

Why would Cannabis Make Me Dizzy in the first Place? 

Well, there’s not a full-fledged answer for that, and while we can’t fully extrapolate it, it actually involves your circulatory system as well. Veterans that use cannabis usually remember their first instances, where they suddenly feel their heart rate and blood pressure rise. 

As someone builds up a THC tolerance, it lowers the blood pressure, since it actually can have vasodilation help with this, and it can also be a reason for the puffy eyes after you smoke a bowl. But while we don’t really know much about why it happens, that’s what we can extrapolate from this. 

How common is Fainting and side Effects 

There are probably a few stories here and there which may make you worried. But the truth is, fainting is not common when you smoke or eat and edible, and there is a line between being so overly stoned you black out, and then, fainting, which may be a brief period. 

With dizziness, you don’t get the memory loss that blacking out does. Other side effects do include paranoia in those with THC strains, psychosis for some people, dry mouth or cotton mouth, and occasionally, memory impairment and interruptions every now and then. 

How to Prevent this 

So if you deal with dizziness when you smoke, you may wonder what it is that you can do. The first thing is that you should not worry obviously. Worrying and being paranoid does make matters worse, especially when you’re trying to manage your cannabis consumption. If you find that certain strains are making you dizzy, it’s probably due to way too much THC in that strain, so find one that’s more balanced to CBD compared to THC and avoid high-THC strains that don’t have it otherwise. 

You also may want to have some food beforehand, since in some people, it can make them feel stronger effects when hungry, much like how alcohol does it to many people. 

You also may want to look at how you’re consuming the cannabis.  Some people can’t handle edibles because they’re super potent, and it can feel overwhelming in some cases. If you find that edibles are making you dizzy, then try something else. Try smoking, bong, or even joints, whichever works for you. 

If you do like to use edibles, it could be a sign you need to micro dose in most cases. Limit it to only 2.5 mg of the THC in order to keep the effects in place without being overwhelmed. Finally, make sure you’re not trying to just smoke a bowl fast or eat a bunch of edibles. Sometimes, the dizzy spells are a sign of sudden THC in the body, and that may cause a blood pressure spike. The system can’t process it, and then it cases a reaction that’s left unbalanced. 

The best advice is to go slow with this. If you’re someone who is using this around people who are veterans, you don’t need to go to their level just to be cool, but instead, move at speeds that are better for yourself too. And as well, when you’re taking it slow, try to take this as well without standing up. Sitting down lets you focus your attention as well on the feelings that you have, and it may be better if you’re able to go slowly but surely as well.